To best respond to the COVID-19 pandemic,Â UN Secretary-General Antnio GuterresÂ calls on world leaders to come together and offer an urgent and coordinated response to this global crisis. The three-part action plan includes first tackling the health emergency. Second, placing focus on the social impact and the economic response and recovery. Third, and finally, prioritizing the responsibility to “recover better.” In this unprecedented situation the normal rules no longer apply and the magnitude of the response must match its scale. The world faces a common enemy. Â We are at war with a virus.
I call on world leaders to come together and offer an urgent and coordinated response to this global crisis. I see three critical areas for action:
First, tackling the health emergency.
Many countries have exceeded the capacity to care for even mild cases in dedicated health facilities, with many unable to respond to the enormous needs of the elderly.Even in the wealthiest countries, we see health systems buckling under pressure.
Health spending must be scaled up right away to meet urgent needs and the surge in demand — expanding testing, bolstering facilities, supporting health care workers, and ensuring adequate supplies ÃÂÃÂ with full respect for human rights and without stigma.It has been proven that the virus can be contained. ÃÂ It must be contained.
If we let the virus spread like wildfire ÃÂ especially in the most vulnerable regions of the world — it would kill millions of people. And we need to immediately move away from a situation where each country is undertaking its own health strategies to one that ensures, in full transparency, a coordinated global response, including helping countries that are less prepared to tackle the crisis.
Governments must give the strongest support to the multilateral effort to fight the virus, led by the World Health Organization, whose appeals must be fully met.The health catastrophe makes clear that we are only as strong as the weakest health system. Â Global solidarity is not only a moral imperative, it is in everyone’s interests.
Second, we must focus on the social impact and the economic response and recovery.
Unlike the 2008 financial crisis, injecting capital in the financial sector alone is not the answer. This is not a banking crisis Â indeed banks must be part of the solution. And it is not an ordinary shock in supply and demand; it is a shock to society as a whole.The liquidity of the financial system must be guaranteed, and banks must use their resilience to support their customers. ÃÂ Lets not forget this is essentially a human crisis.
Most fundamentally, we need to focus on people — the most vulnerable, low-wage workers, small and medium enterprises.That means wage support, insurance, social protection, preventing bankruptcies and job loss.
That also means designing fiscal and monetary responses to ensure that the burden does not fall on those who can least afford it. The recovery must not come on the backs of the poorest Â and we cannot create a legion of new poor.We need to get resources directly in the hands of people. Â A number of countries are taking up social protection initiatives such as cash transfers and universal income.
We need to take it to the next level to ensure support reaches those entirely dependent on the informal economy and countries less able to respond.Remittances are a lifeline in the developing world ÃÂ especially now. Â Countries have already committed to reduce remittance fees to 3 percent, much below the current average levels. Â The crisis requires us to go further, getting as close to zero as possible.
In addition, G20 leaders have taken steps to protect their own citizens and economies by waiving interest payments. Â We must apply that same logic to the most vulnerable countries in our global village and alleviate their debt burden. Across the board, we need a commitment to ensure adequate financial facilities to support countries in difficulties. Â The IMF, the World Bank and other International Financial Institutions play a key role.
And we must refrain from the temptation of resorting to protectionism. Â This is the time to dismantle trade barriers and re-establish supply chains.Looking at the broader picture, disruptions to society are having a profound impact.
We must address the effects of this crisis on women. Â The worlds women are disproportionally carrying the burden at home and in the wider economy.Children are also paying a heavy price. ÃÂ More than 800 million children are out of school right now Â many of whom rely on school to provide their only meal. Â We must ensure that all children have access to food and equal access to learning Â bridging the digital divide and reducing the costs of connectivity.
As peopleÂs lives are disrupted, isolated and upturned, we must prevent this pandemic from turning into a crisis of mental health. Â Young people will be most at risk.The world needs to keep going with core support to programs for the most vulnerable, including through UN-coordinated humanitarian and refugee response plans. Humanitarian needs must not be sacrificed.
Third, and finally, we have a responsibility to “recover better.”
The 2008 financial crisis demonstrated clearly that countries with robust social protection systems suffered the least and recovered most quickly from its impact.We must ensure that lessons are learned and that this crisis provides a watershed moment for health emergency preparedness and for investment in critical 21st century public services and the effective delivery of global public goods.
We have a framework for action Â the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. Â We must keep our promises for people and planet.The United Nations and our global network of country offices — will support all governments to ensure that the global economy and the people we serve emerge stronger from this crisis. Â That is the logic of the Decade of Action to deliver the Sustainable Development Goals.More than ever before, we need solidarity, hope and the political will to see this crisis through together.
Secretary-General Antnio Guterres